Vitamin D deficiency causes rickets in children and osteomalacia in adults. Without enough vitamin D, the body cannot metabolize or absorb calcium and phosphorus, the minerals with the most important role for skeletal development. For babies up to two years of age, the administration of vitamin D in supplements is a must in order to ensure harmonious body evolution.
Vitamin D is also produced and temporarily stored by the body following sun exposure. Yet, with the over-emphasized need to protect ourselves from sun radiation, we have come to increase the phenomenon of vitamin D deficiency due to insufficiency. Vitamin D deficiency can be treated with supplements and a diet rich in fatty fish. The right dosage to be administered is prescribed by the doctor depending on the patient’s age and the health condition. Children and senior citizens pose the highest risks to develop vitamin D deficiency.
The accelerated growth rate, dental eruption and skeletal development go hand in hand with vitamin D deficiency in children. A balanced nutrition and healthy open air activities will minimize rickets risks; don’t forget to take your child to periodical health checks. For senior citizens, vitamin D deficiency appears because of the body’s incapacity to produce and store vitamin D. An older person will need twice more vitamin D from food than a young person. And here we also have half an explanation for the incidence rate of osteoporosis with middle-aged and elderly women.
Modification of the rib cage and the bone structure appear in children with vitamin D deficiency. The sternum deepens in the chest and the rigs become protruding. In adults, severe vitamin D deficiency could be manifest with bone and muscular pains. The examination involves the pressing of the sternum bone and the tibia. The consequences of vitamin D deficiency are obvious in the bone structure.
The treatment for vitamin D deficiency should be immediate and intense, following the specificity of the condition and the patient’s health history. Diagnosis is possible only by undergoing radiology tests, manual examination and blood tests. Vitamin D deficiency could also be indicated by the low calcium levels. Enough sun exposure and a balanced diet help to the treatment of vitamin D deficiency. Pay attention to the use of medication that prevents calcium absorption.